[Robootika] Tee ise joonejälgimise robot

Koolilaste robootikaringi koduse ülesande juhend (tee koos vanematega).

Joonejälgimisroboti kokkupanek on üpris lihtne. Vaja läheb jootekolbi, veidi tina, lõiketange, teravat silma ja vaba aega.
PCB plaadile on kõikide komponentide asukohad peale joonistatud ja kirjutatud, mis kuhu täpselt läheb.

Takisteid on kokku 10 ja neid on 4 erinevat sorti. Takisteid saab eristada värvikodeeringu järgi.
51 – 4tk – roheline, pruun, must, kuldne, pruun
1K – 2tk – pruun, must, must, pruun, pruun
3.3K – 2tk – oranž, oranž, must, pruun, pruun
10 – 2tk – pruun, must, must, kuldne, pruun
Edasi tuleb õiged takistid õigetesse kohtadesse panna ja kinni joota.

Punane led läheb üles poole – lihtsalt indikaatoriks, mis poole mootor töötab.
Valged ledid lähevad alla ja valgustavad põrandat valgustakistite jaoks, mis otsustavad, kuhu poole robot pöörama peab, ehk kumb mootor töötab ja kumb seisab.
Ledide paigutamisel on poolused olulised. Ledide poolused on määratud jalgade pikkusega. Pikk jalg on + ja lühike jalg on –

Ülejäänud komponendid: kondekad, transistorid, lülitid ja kivid lähevad nii nagu plaadil joonistatud on.

Alumisele küljele lähevad 2 valget LEDi ja 2 valgustakistit. Need tuleb jätta pikkade jalgade otsa, et nad põrandale võimalikult lähedal oleksid. Nii ei pääse kõrvaline valgus segama.

Patareihoidja paigaldamine on lihtne, vastavalt märkidele PCB plaadil. Punane juhe läheb + ja must juhe – ühendusklemmile PCB plaadil.

Mootoritega on aga vähe keerulisem lugu. Kõige lihtsam on piltide pealt vaadata, kummale klemmile kumb mootori klemm ühendatakse. (NB! juhtmete värvid erinevad pildil olevatest).

Peale seda jääb ainult mootorid ja patareialus plaadile kleepida, paigaldada polt esimese otsa toeks ja sõit võib alata.

Robot suudab jälgida musta värvi rada. Rada on kõige lihtsam teha tavalisest mustast isoleerpaelast.


Ja lõpptulemus =>

86 thoughts on “[Robootika] Tee ise joonejälgimise robot

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